Previously you read about autotrophs and heterotrophs. The difference being in the way they obtain energy. Plants are autotrophs, and today I’d like to focus on how plants get the energy they need.
Plants need the following things to get energy to live:
- Water (H2O)
- Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
The process of converting H2O and CO2 in the presence of sunlight into energy is called photosynthesis.
In order for the water to get to the leaves of a plant where photosynthesis takes place, it is absorbed from the surrounding ground through roots and is brought up through tissue like your blood vessels.
The carbon dioxide is absorbed my the leaf directly through openings (or pores) on the under side of the leaf.
Light-absorbing molecules called pigments capture sunlight for the plant. The primary pigment in plants is called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll gives plants their green color because it absorbs reds and blues and reflects green!
Chlorophyll is housed in organelles called chloroplasts. This is where photosynthesis takes place.
The equation for synthesis looks like this:
6CO2 + 6H2O (in the process of light) -> C6H12O6 + 6O2
carbon dioxide (in) + water (in) -> glucose (used for energy) + oxygen (out)
(That’s the same oxygen we need to breathe!!!)
All that happens in plants which are pretty fascinating, even if they aren’t furry and cuddly!