This page will serve as a glossary to topics covered on AmoebaMike. This list isn’t comprehensive, but serves as a great starting point for understanding terms mentioned here.
Active Transport – the process where a cell uses energy to move particles from a lower concentration to a higher concentration.
Anatomy – study of body structure
ATP – the chemical cells use to release energy (to store energy they turn ADP into ATP)
Autotrophs – organisms that make their own food
Botany – study of plants
Cellular Respiration – the process of releasing energy by breaking down glucose and other food in the presence of oxygen
Chlorophyll – the primary pigment found in plants
Chloroplast – organelle in plants that houses chlorophyll
Control – the group in an experiment that has no variable changes, used to measure against change of the variable group.
Cytology – study of cells
Dependent Variable – a variable whose value is determined by the independent variable in an experiment.
Diffusion – movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.
Ecology – study of animals interaction with their environment
Experiment – a procedure carried out under controlled conditions to test a hypothesis.
Facilitated Diffusion – the process of particles moving across a cell membrane through a protein channel.
Fermentation – the process of releasing energy by breaking down glucose and other food in the absence of oxygen
Genetics – study of genes & heredity
Herpetology – study of snakes
Heterotrophs – organisms that need to consume other organisms for energy
Homeostasis– the stable state of equilibrium the different parts an organism, or the organism and its surroundings.
Hypothesis – an assumption made in order to test and prove its validity.
Independent Variable – a variable whose value determines the values of the dependent variables.
Life – the basic characteristics that separate living from nonliving things.
Metabolism – the sum of all chemical reactions to build up and break down material
Microbiology – study of microorganisms
Mycology – study of fungi
Observation – recognizing and noting an occurrence involving measurement with instruments.
Osmosis – diffusion of water
Organ – a group of tissues working together
Organ System – a group of organs working together
Organelle – a specialized part of a cell
Ornithology – study of birds
Paleontology – study of ancient organisms
Parasitology – study of parasites
Photosynthesis – the process of converting water and carbon dioxide (in the presence of sunlight) into energy
Physiology – study of body function
Pigment – light-aborbsing molecules
Prokaryote – organism without a nucleus
Scientific Law – explains what happens under given circumstances.
Scientific Method – process by which science experiments are designed and run. Includes forming a hypothesis and coming to a conclusion.
Scientific Theory – an attempt to explain how or why something happens. This can be backed by lots of evidence, and is not indicative of its validity.
Spontaneous Generation – a theory of life, popular centuries ago, that suggested living organisms came to life from nonliving matter.
Stimulus – a change (for example, in an environment) that directly influences the activity of an organism.
Tissue – a group of specialized cells working together
Variable – the group in an experiment that you are testing. Compared to the control group, the variable with have results that need to be recorded and analyzed.
Virology – study of viruses
Zoology – study of animals